As have been noted on this blog several times, to do Common Core well, we have to attend to the Social and Emotional Learning of our students. The science behind why this matters and how it is intertwined in a child’s success is addressed in the following presentation by Dr. Martin Seligman. Seligman, Director of the Positive Psychology Center, explains the importance of PERMA with connections to how to teach it at the individual level. Specific minutes have been marked in the annotations below. (The video presentation is here.)
5:56 What is PERMA? Seligman quickly reviews the five parts and notes that each is measurable and each is teachable.
11:13 Positive Emotion (Happiness): The ratio of positive words to negative words in flourishing companies is 2.9:1. In marriage that ratio is 5:1. The ratio for children? no one knows.
17:48 Relationships: How do you resolve conflict versus how do you celebrate success? Knowing how to differentiate one from the other can boost well-being.
20:28 Meaning: altruism versus pleasure. If you are trying to promote meaning in your classroom, consider doing the following. Ask students to do something fun during the course of the week. Likewise, ask them to do something philanthropic.
At the end of the week, have your students journal about the experiences. More often than not, they will describe having gotten more meaning from the altruistic exercise than the one for self-pleasure.
21:56 Accomplishment: self discipline and grit. Twice as important as IQ
25:07 In schools where teachers learn about PERMA and incorporate into their classrooms, students have greater psychological fitness and report less anxiety—and the work is sustainable to up to two years.