It a video discussion for Reading Rockets, panelists Isabel Beck, Nanci Bell, and Sharon Walpole discuss the components for reading comprehension and share strategies to promote student learning with this outcome. At minute 3:27, Dr. Walpole explains where breakdowns in comprehension typically occur. They include
- A child’s knowledge of the world is inconsistent with what the author expects a reader to know.
- A child’s vocabulary knowledge is inconsistent with the word choices an author has made for a text.
- The syntactic demands are great and
- A child lacks strategies to work through complex text.
At minute 10:27 Dr. Warpole suggests helping with these breakdowns by a) making sure students know how to decode easily and well b) teach concept knowledge and c) build vocabularies. Dr. Beck, at minute 21:22 later substantiates the claim that vocabulary instruction is “essential” and that the youngest students should be working with “big words.”
You can watch the video through the link here.