8 Resources for Classroom Management

Below is a small glimpse of my classroom and some of the supports I’ll be using to increase engagement, group students, and keep expectations explicit. Many of the following likely can be purchased—and look prettier—online; but if you are partial to free, these should work. If you have been working long enough to think back to the days of Cooperative Learning (that’s almost 10 years ago!) you may see some pretty familiar strategies.Management

Agenda and Subjects in Word

Team Cooperative Learning

Cooperative Role and Numbers

Homework Log

Hall, bathroom and office passes in Word

3-2-1 Signal Poster

“We Can” Options

Wall Chart Options

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63000Resources.com Continues to be Updated

I have received a number of emails asking if the website www.63000resources will be maintained with my return to the classroom. The answer is yes. Over the last four weeks, I have added a number of Core Knowledge supplements, new K-3 Document Based Questions, professional learning videos, and a few items I have developed for my classroom. Speaking of which, if you would like to see items from my first parent packet, I am previewing what will be shared with parents this Friday in the links below.

Welcome Parent Letter

Classroom Supply List

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Nevada PTA: Summer Leadership Training PowerPoint

Nevada PTA: Summer Leadership Training

Linked below is the PowerPoint that Dr. Amy Weber-Salgo and I shared with the Nevada PTA at their Summer Leadership Training. I introduced the Common Core ELA Instructional Shifts and some of the evidence that informed the writing of the standards. Similarly, Amy shared the math shifts, some key evidence, and did a short Number Talks with the audience. You can download the PowerPoint here.

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7 Word Facts and Implications for Instruction

In a presentation for Reading Plus, University of California professor and www.textproject.org founder Dr. Elfrieda H. Hiebert shares her “best stuff” around vocabulary and the Common Core (video here and Powerpoint here). Below are some highlights from her speech entitled, “The First Key to Unlocking Complex Text: A Generative Vocabulary” including her seven word facts and implications for instruction.

9:45: Dr. Hiebert notes that many teachers, when the text gets complex for students, are tempted to read the text for students. She challenges this approach and notes that when teachers read the text for students, only the teacher gets better at reading. Hiebert continues that when text is challenging for students, it is very likely a background knowledge deficit that then can be linked to a vocabulary knowledge deficit.

The word facts begin at minute 13:37. They are

  1. Knowledge is “stored” in texts
  2. English has a vast repository of words, making it impossible to teach all them.
  3. A small group of words does the heavy lifting in text (19:13). That is there is a group of 4000 word families that make up 90% of the words we read. This is exemplified in the table below. Being poor with these 4000 word families make comprehension very challenging.Screen Shot 2015-07-16 at 10.28.21 PM
  4. Words are part of families. Morphological relationships are critical and students need lots of opportunities to work with morphemes and to study words.
  5. Words are parts of networks. The networks in narrative texts are synonyms related to story elements.
  6. The networks in informational texts are topical with interrelated concept clusters.
  7. Concrete words are learned and retained more readily than abstract words (minute 29:50).

At minute 31:43 Hiebert shares strategies for instruction including the value of exposing students to new topics and the vocabulary associated with these topics. One resource to help with this is the free magazine FYI for Kids (here). Additionally, to help students with word families, she highlights the use of E4 that can be downloaded for free here.

You can watch the full video here.

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The Essentials of Developing Reading Fluency

Dr. Timothy Rasinski, Professor of Literacy Education at Kent State University, describes the “essentials” of developing reading fluency in the video linked here. The claims he makes throughout the presentation are buttressed with strong evidence and, moreover, he is quite adept at sharing best practices that can be implemented immediately. The minutes have been marked to help in finding ideas and research that can be taken into the classroom.

2:07 Rasinski shares the “fluency exercise” that he has all of the struggling students working with each day. In short, students read and sing songs. Rasinski points out that this enables students to practice reading out loud a short text multiple times.

7:30 Rasinski explains how he was persuaded fluency matters with research about adults with Alzheimer’s disease who were able to retain songs and poetry despite obvious memory loss. He also shares a study of 1st graders who were consistently taught with songs and the strong reading gains students enjoyed.

14:03 Rasinksi explains where you can find fluency in the Common Core.

16:49 Rasinski outlines two strategies to teach students about words. The first is called Word Ladders and the second has students working with word families.

22:38 Rasinski describes how fluency is the “bridge” to comprehension. He makes the point that if too much effort is spent decoding, then students don’t have the mental energy to comprehend. The solution is to have students practice with fluency.


26:49 Prosody. Rasinski helpfully explains why this helps promote comprehension with reference to studies with 4th graders. In short, it matters.

32:02 Rasinksi acknowledges that finding time will be an issue but he notes how it can be embedded in the school day. To help this happen he developed MAP which stands for Model fluent reading, Assisted reading and Practice.

With assisted reading, Rasinski shares the value of doing choral reading, paired reading and audio reading. My guess is many readers are already doing this and having Dr. Rasinski quote the research to support these instructional moves should feel affirming. For example, struggling students who worked with strong readers on reading out loud showed three times as much progress compared to when they did not do this (35:52).

47:48 Rasinski concludes with what happens when a classroom teacher creates “synergy” which can be done with the Fluency Developmental Lesson (FDL). It begins with finding a daily text that you make two copies of.

  1. Teacher model reads the text
  2. Students and teachers chorally read (three times)
  3. Students practice with a partner
  4. Student perform with the text
  5. Class examines and plays with words from text (word study)
  6. Second copy goes home—never to come back to school—to read to family

You can view the presentation here.

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A Look at the Math Standards—Unfiltered

As I prepare for the classroom, I’ve asked trusted colleagues what math resources I should be looking over. Almost without exception, they direct me to the Progressions Documents for the Common Core State Standards. If you are unfamiliar with these, they are narratives that describe the progression of topics across grades. They help explain why the standards are sequenced the way they are and offer pedagogical strategies and solutions to challenging areas of mathematics.

Helpfully, working with the Kahn Academy, Common Core author Dr. Bill McCallum has shared a series of videos describing specific progressions. Dr. McCallum walks viewers through the standards with reference to research, examples of math problems associated with domains and clusters, and anecdotes about authoring the standards themselves. You can view the videos through the links below.

Common Core Introduction

CCSS Fractions Part I

CCSS Fractions Part II

CCSS Place Value

CCSS Multiply and Dividing Negative Numbers

CCSS Algebra Grade 8

CCSS Decimals

CCSS Statistics in Middle School

CCSS Negative Numbers

CCSS Exponents

CCSS Ratios and Proportions

CCSS Geometry

CCSS Expressions and Equations (Grades 5 trough 7)

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Presentation Before the Reno Lodge 13 – Free & Accepted Masons of Nevada

Reno Lodge 13 – Free & Accepted Masons of Nevada gathered for their monthly meeting which including a presentation on the Common Core State Standards. Dr. Amy Weber-Salgo and I reviewed the difference between standards, assessment and curriculum before reviewing the instructional shifts and the evidence that informed the creation of the Common Core. Moreover, Amy and I shared resources, developed by classroom teachers in Northern Nevada, that have been used to reach the expectations of the CCSS.

June 10th Presentation PowerPoint

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